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In 2006 total waste generation reached approximately 167 million tonnes (Mt), an increase of about 91 % from 1997 (Figure 1).

 

After many years of high growth, stabilisation at 32.5 Mt of municipal waste generation was noted between 2006 and 2007 (Rapporto Rifiuti 2008:http://www.apat.gov.it/site/itIT/APAT/Pubblicazioni/Rapporto_rifiuti/Documento/rapporto_rfi08.html; http://annuario.apat.it/capitoli/Ver_6/en/Waste%20cycle.pdf - Paragraph ‘Generation’, pg 294). Generation of hazardous and non-hazardous waste has also continued to grow, from 83 Mt in 2000 to 134.7 Mt in 2006. Of this, 125.5 Mt was non-hazardous waste – including 52 Mt construction and demolition (C&D) – and 9.2 Mt was hazardous waste.

 

Between 2006 and 2007, landfilling of municipal waste fell by 2.4 %; in the same period there was an increase of 34.2 % in the amount of waste managed in anaerobic digestion plants, 7.6 % by mechanical biological treatment (MBT), 4.8% by composting and 0.1% by incineration. The fraction of municipal waste incinerated remained stable at 12.1 % in 2006 and 12.2 % in 2007. The 44 operating plants, in 2007, equipped for energy recovery produced approximately 3 million MWh of electrical and 1.1 million MWh of thermal energy. (Rapporto Rifiuti 2008:http://www.apat.gov.it/site/itIT/APAT/Pubblicazioni/Rapporto_rifiuti/Documento/rapporto_rfi08.html; http://annuario.apat.it/capitoli/Ver_6/en/Waste%20cycle.pdf - Paragraph ‘Management’, pg 301).

 

A total of more than 117 Mt of hazardous and non hazardous waste from economic activities – called special waste – was managed in 2006, 91.6 % of which was non-hazardous and 8.4 % hazardous waste.

Figure 3 shows that approximately 57.7 Mt or 49.3 % were managed by material recovery operations, The most common disposal operation remains landfill, with approximately 19 Mt or 16.3 % of total special waste. A total of 13.4 Mt is destined for storage, 2 % of the total pending disposal and 9.4 %  pending recovery (Rapporto Rifiuti 2008: http://www.apat.gov.it/site/itIT/APAT/Pubblicazioni/Rapporto_rifiuti/Documento/rapporto_rfi08.html; http://annuario.apat.it/capitoli/Ver_6/en/Waste%20cycle.pdf - Paragraph ‘Management’, pg 301).

 

Regarding packaging waste, in 2007 about 12.4 Mt were put on the market in Italy, a 2 % increase from 2006, corresponding to about 200 000 tonnes of packaging material.

 

Table 1: Packaging put on the market (2000 – 2007)

Packaging material

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

t*1,000

Steel

600

568

565

577

595

555

561

563

Aluminium

59

59

60

66

67

69

72

74

Paper

4 167

4 160

4 218

4 208

4 333

4 333

4 470

4 536

Wood

2 479

2 532

2 603

2 663

2 787

2 701

2 852

2 860

Plastic

1 900

1 950

1 951

2 000

2 054

2 035

2 090

2 194

Glass

1 963

1 993

1 970

2 107

2 141

2 141

2 130

2 150

TOTAL

11 168

11 262

11 367

11 621

11 977

11 834

12 174

12 377

Source: ISPRA

 


Table 2: Recovery and recycling of packaging waste (2003-2007)

Packaging material

Recycling

Energy recovery

Total  recovery

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

T*1,000

t*1,000

t*1,000

Steel

321

324

356

369

391

0

0

0

0

0

321

324

356

369

391

Aluminium

28

30.6

33.1

35,1

38.6

7

8.5

4.7

4.7

4.8

35

34.5

37.8

39.8

43.4

Paper

2 432

2 703

2 875

2 931

3 218

341

421

444

401

376

2 773

3 124

3 319

3 332

3 594

Wood

1 543

1 600

1 400

1 559

1 539

0

33

287

228

200

1 543

1 633

1 687

1 787

1 739

Plastic

480

510

547

607

645

482

594

629

645

687

962

1 104

1 176

1 252

1 332

Glass

1 122

1 203

1 211

1 256

1 303

0

0

0

0

0

1 122

1 203

1 211

1 256

1 303

TOTAL

5 926

6 371

6 422

6 757

7 135

830

1 057

1 365

1 279

1 268

6 756

7 423

7 787

8 036

8 402

Source: ISPRA

 

As shown in table 2, in 2007 8.4 Mt of packaging waste were recovered, an increase of 4.6% from 2006, equivalent to almost 370 000 t, confirming the positive trend of the previous years.

 

 

 


No

No

Unknown (XX)

[Commonality topics] waste


[COMMONALITY] What are the state and impacts?


http://rod.eionet.europa.eu/spatial/19

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